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Natural Resources Print

Paddy fields of Nagaland

natural streamAgriculture has traditionally been and continues to be the mainstay of Naga life-the numerous festivals are centered on agriculture and have their roots in cultivation practices. Seventy-three percent of the people in Nagaland are engaged in agriculture. Rice is the staple food. It occupies about 70 percent of the total cultivated area and constitutes about 75 percent of the total food grain production in the State. Other crops include maize, linseed, potato, pulses, soya bean, sugarcane, jute, gram, cotton, castor, etc. However, like most of the world's tribal population, the production system in Nagaland has been close to proto-agriculture, which has enabled close links between nature and people from Generation to generation.

i. Total Area

Sq. km


ii. Forest Cover

Sq. km (%)

13,345 (80.49%)

iii. Forest Area

Sq. km (%)

8,629 (52.04%)

iv. Area under Agriculture



a. Gross Sown Area



b. Net Sown Area



c. Area Sown More than Once



v. Area under Irrigation

a. Irrigated Area



b. Net Irrigated Area



vi. Area under Shifting Cultivation

Sq km


vii. No. of Cultivators

in lakh


viii No. of Agricultural Laborers

in lakh


ix. No. of Families Practicing Shifting Cultivation


wild orchidsThe forest cover is 80.49 percent of the total area of Nagaland. As such, forests represent the richest natural resource of the State. Nagaland is also very rich in biodiversity with abundance of animal, insect and plant species. The State has a wealth of herbal, medicinal and aromatic plants with tremendous economic potentials.

Wildlife Divisions under Chief Wildlife Warden:

Dimapur Wildlife Division

Kiphire Wildlife Division

Sanctuaries, National Parks & Zoological Parks:


Nagaland Zoological Park, Rangapahar


Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary


Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary


Intanki National

Status of Forests as on 31.01.2010:

State's geographical area

16579 Sq.Kms.


8629 Sq.Kms. i.e. 52.04%

Areas under Different Land use in Nagaland (Area in Sq.Km.):



Land under Agriculture use


Land under miscellaneous tree Crops and grooves


Cultivable wasteland


Cultivable non forest area (CNFA)


Net area sown


Area sown more than once


Purchased Forests:

Total Land Purchased by Department

192.47 Sq.Km

Management of Forests:

Joint Forest Management (JFM)

Constitution of Village Level Community Forest Committee (CFC)

Revised Operational Guidelines of National Afforestation Programme (NAP) 2009

Protection of Forests:

Intensification of Forest Management (IFM)

Infrastructure Development

Forest Fire Control and Management

Forest Policy:

National Forest Policy, 1988

Goal : One third of the geographical area under forest cover by 2012 (20% in the plain areas and 60% in the hills)

Forest Utilization:

Coordinated timber supplies to tea factories, collieries, etc.

Procured 72,926 kgs of barbed & distributed to 15 Forest Divisions

Fitting and fixing of fences to ensure protection of forests

Procured 1000 Nos. of LPG connection for distribution among villagers.

Forestry Research:

Creation of Central Nursery and Raising of Quality Seedlings

Indigenous Knowledge (IK) on Medicinal Plants (MP)

Establishment of Sample plots/Demonstration Nursery plots at Phezha (Chiephoubozou) and Jalukie.

Year of Plantation (2010):

Raised large quantities of quality seedlings of various species

Wildlife Conservation & Management:

Nagaland Zoological Park, Rangapahar

Houses 76 animals.

Raising of Forest Protection Force

66 Forest Guards and 20 Foresters recruited.

Medicinal Plants:

Initiated creation of Herbal Gardens at (Khezhakeno Chui, Rangapahar Zoological Park, Jalukie, Mokokchung, Doyang, Narongtongpi and Aizuto

Mineral Wealth:

Coal, limestone, nickel, cobalt, chromium, magnetite, copper, zinc, and recently discovered platinum, petroleum and natural gas are the major minerals available in Nagaland. The State has huge caches of unutilized and unexploited limestone, marble, granite, petroleum and natural gas. Coal is found in Nazira, Borjan and Teru valley of Mon district. Limestone of grey to whitish grey colour is found at Wazeho and Satuza in Phek district and at Nimi belt in Tuensang district. Ores of nickeliferrous chromite-magnetite occur in the Ultra Basic Belt at Pokhpur in Tuensang district. Nagaland is yet to fully explore its huge estimated reserves of natural oil.

The hydrocarbons are found in the western portion of Nagaland, where connectivity is available in the foothills. The metallic and non-metallic minerals are located in the remote and backward eastern parts bordering Myanmar, ideal for export to the South East Asian region. If the discovered minerals are economically exploited, these would turn out to be a rich resource base and the mineral-related trade can make a huge contribution to the State economy. Unfortunately, though the potential exists, not much has been achieved so far due to funding and planning process constraints. In this connection, the proposed 'X Road' of the Government could provide good connectivity for exploiting the mineral wealth of the State and for trade and commerce both in the State and the country and with South East and East Asian countries.

Mineral Exploration:

Carried out detailed assessment of limestone resources at Satuza,Wazeho, Molen, Mimi Ziphu, Salumi and Kamku (Kamkhaong).

Chromium bearing magnetite ultramafite, Haematite at Reguri and Chalcedony deposit at Akhen Village recorded.

Identification and preservation of geological monuments taken up.

Studies and assessment of natural lakes such as Shilloi Lake at Lacham, Dzuda (Zanibu) pond, Phek district, Thizama pond Kohima, Tsumang pond at Wokha and Amoklushi pond at Mokokchung delineated and assessed.

3 geotourism potential sites at Yonthong, Yankhet and Tiphum with magnificent waterfalls and caves were identified

Mineral Management:

Constituted Cabinet Sub-Committee on exploration and development of Petroleum's and Natural Gas.

Internal Department Committee set up.

IDC framed resolution on ownership & transfer of land and its resources.

Updated date: 2014-03-18