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State Profile Print

Naga kids in Traditional attire

Nagaland is one of the "seven sisters" of the North-East India.

One of the smaller hill states of India, Nagaland is known for its myriad tribes with their rich culture and traditions. The State has a distinct character both in terms of its social composition as well as in its developmental history.

image003 is not availableIf India is a country that boasts of "unity in diversity", then the North-East is its most visible embodiment. Among the North-Eastern states, Nagaland stands out as a land of diverse tribes, systems of governance, cultures, sheer colour and variety. As its 16 major tribes hold their festivals each calendar month of the year, Nagaland is often referred to as the "land of festivals".

Nagaland represents sociological and anthropological gold mines because it is still scientifically unexplored.

Nagaland emerged as a State, outbenreu%20 tourist village tucked away in nature s lap of the Naga Hills district of Assam and NEFA province, in 1963. This late start meant that the State lost out on the benefits of the first three Five Year Plans. What is more, the State has had to confront insurgency on a continuous basis, committing much of its scarce resources to administrative and related expenditures. Though Nagaland has been confronted with special constraints and challenges in the areas of politics, economics, geographical terrain, and development, especially of infrastructure, the "social capital" and resilience of the Naga village communities are not only giving hope but also beginning to help overcome the other difficulties.

Indeed, in spite of its many constraints and challenges, Nagaland has continued to chart new developmental paths for itself and has shown a unique model for the country. The Village Councils, 0ther Village Development Boards, and the recently introduced Communitisation of Public Institutions and Services Act, 2002, in areas like education, health, power, etc., which have already been acknowledged as successful.

Nagaland at a Glance

Total Area 16,579 Sq. kms.
State Capital Kohima (1,444.12 Mtrs. Above Sea level)
Population 19,80,602 Persons (Census 2011)
Density of Population 119 per sq. km.
Sex Ratio 909F: 1000M
Literacy Rate 80.11% (Census 2011)
a. Male 82.75%
b. Female 70.01%
Biggest Village Kohima Village
Official Language English
Average Rainfall 2500mm
Highest Peak Saramati- 3840mtrs.
Main Rivers Dhansiri, Doyang, Dhiku
Railway Head & Airport Dimapur
Commercial Centre Dimapur
District with HQs (1) Kohima
(2) Mokokchung
(3) Tuensang
(4) Mon
(5) Wokha
(6) Zunheboto
(7) Phek
(8) Dimapur
(9) Peren
(10) Longleng
(11) Kiphire
Seasons a. Heavy Rain - May to August
b. Occasional rainfall - September to October
c. Dry Season - November To April
State Boundaries East - Myanmar & Arunachal Pradesh
West - Assam
North - Assam & Arunachal Pradesh
South - Manipur

Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Kuki, Konyak, Kachari, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sumi, Sangtam, Yimchungru, Ziliang.

Updated date: 2014-04-01